Gum diseases are also called as periodontitis. This is an advanced stage of gum infection that damages the soft tissue, which, when left without treatment, can destroy the bone that supports your teeth.
Gingivitis (bleeding gums) is the first sign of developing periodontitis. Swollen or infected gums, gums that appear reddish pink in colour and tender gums that bleed easily, are cautioning symptoms for the individual, to prevent such a progressing gum infection.
Spitting out blood following brushing, bad breath, pain on chewing food, developing spaces between teeth, and extrusion of teeth are signs of a progressing gum disease. The development of periodontitis begins with the onset of plaque(a slimy layer) that forms on your teeth, but brushing teeth twice daily with flossing, will remove this layer of plaque and prevent it from hardening under your gum line to form calculus (tartar). Thus gingivitis and periodontitis can be prevented in its onset.
The risk factors of such infectious gum diseases are listed as follows:
- Poor oral health due to improper brushing habits and techniques
- Smoking / chewing tobacco
- Hormonal changes
- Changes related to pregnancy and menopause
- Vitamin C deficiency
- Certain medications that cause dryness of mouth(xerostomia) and other undesirable changes to the gums
- Disease such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn’s disease
- Conditions such as Leukaemia, HIV and Cancer
After diagnosing the etiology and the progress of the disease, Kamala Dental Specialty Hospital offers both non-surgical and surgical treatments for periodontal diseases.
Nonsurgical treatment options are scaling, root planing and a prescribed drug regime that includes medications like antibiotics and/or a combination of these procedures.
Surgical treatment options are flap surgeries, soft tissue grafts and bone grafts, guided tissue regeneration and laser assisted periodontal surgeries. At Kamala Dental Specialty Hospital, minimally invasive laser assisted periodontal procedures are done frequently, which gives exemplary results.